Endovascular repair of popliteal artery aneurysms with anaconda limbs: Technique and early results
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OBJECTIVES: The objective is to report the feasibility and technique of treating popliteal artery aneurysms (PAA) with a stent made of nitinol rings externally supported by thin polyester (Anaconda limbs). BACKGROUND: PAA are the most common peripheral aneurysms. The main limitations of stents used in these settings are: short lengths, longitudinal and horizontal compliance mismatch; graft failure from angulation and movement at the joint level; and dislodgment. METHODS: This is a prospective multicenter cohort study of consecutive symptomatic and asymptomatic PAA treated in tertiary vascular centers. Outcomes included patency of the stent and postoperative time-to-independent-ambulation and to-climb-a-flight-of-stairs. RESULTS: Fourteen PAA were treated in 12 men, age 72 +/- 3 years. The median ASA classification was 2.5. The length of artery covered was 147 +/- 41 mm. The PAA diameter was 31 +/- 5 mm, 6 were symptomatic. One stent was used in 6 aneurysms, two in 7, and three in 1. The average stent diameter was 10 +/- 1 mm. The length of the proximal neck was 24 +/- 6 mm with a diameter of 9.8 +/- 1.9, and length of the distal neck 23 +/- 3 mm with a diameter of 8.7 +/- 1.2 mm. In 6 aneurysms, the stent crossed the knee joint. There was no mortality, and one stent occluded (primary patency 93% at 6 +/- 3 months). The median hospital stay was 1.7 days, time to independent ambulation was 3 hr and the time to climbing a flight of stairs was 1 day. CONCLUSIONS: The use of Anaconda limbs for endovascular repair of PAA is feasible and safe.
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