- The fifth intron of the human antithrombin gene (AT3) of chromosome 1q23 contains a highly polymorphic short tandem repeat based on the trinucleotide repeat [ATT]. Alleles range in size from [ATT]5 to [ATT]18, and can be typed using the polymerase chain reaction. Here we report allele frequency population data for Caucasians, Blacks and Southeast Asians. Statistical analyses demonstrate consistency with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for all three databases, and that the allele frequencies of all three population groups are significantly different from each other. This locus reveals 76% to 87% heterozygosity and therefore may be useful for forensic identity testing and paternity determination.