Evolving issues in the management of reflux disease?
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PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common chronic disorder often successfully treated, although there are several evolving issues in management. We reviewed the issues related to unmet needs over the past 12 months. RECENT FINDINGS: A substantial number of patients fail to respond adequately to once or even twice daily proton pump inhibitor (PPI). There is no standard definition of PPI failure in GERD; a universally accepted definition for treatment success is also not available. Differentiation between erosive esophagitis and nonerosive reflux disease can be made but requires endoscopy; but studies still confuse functional heartburn and nonerosive reflux disease, which impacts management. Acid reflux plays an important role in GERD pathogenesis and the precise role of acid requires more studies of differences between erosive esophagitis and nonerosive reflux disease symptom generation and the implication of nocturnal acidification. Several possible mechanisms may explain GERD refractory to PPIs. SUMMARY: Management of PPI nonresponders remains a challenge. Objective and precise evaluation of symptoms and treatment response requires study in high-quality trials. New therapeutic approaches are under investigation to answer unmet needs and improve erosive esophagitis healing rates and symptom control.
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