A PET study of brain 5-HT 2 receptors and their correlation with platelet 5-HT 2 receptors in healthy humans
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RATIONALE: Platelets share many properties with brain serotonergic neurons such as active 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) transport, 5-HT2 receptors, and mitochondrial monoamine oxidase. OBJECTIVES: We measured brain 5-HT2 receptors and platelet 5-HT2 receptors in healthy volunteers to determine if there was any correlation between the two measures. METHODS: Ten healthy volunteers with no lifetime history of psychiatric illness or family history in first-degree relatives were recruited. 5-HT2 receptor binding was determined for each subject with positron emission tomography and [18F]setoperone scan in the brain and with 3H-LSD binding in platelets. RESULTS: We found no significant correlation between 5-HT2 binding potential (BP) in platelets (Bmax/Kd) and a semiquantitative estimate of 5-HT2 BP in frontal, parietal, and temporal cortical regions. SPM voxel based analysis also showed no significant correlation between the 5-HT2 BP in platelets and in the brains of the study subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Brain 5-HT2 receptor binding was not significantly correlated to platelet 3H-LSD binding in healthy subjects. This raises questions about the validity of generalizing findings from platelet studies to 5-HT neurons in the brain.
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