Peroxide sensitivity of endothelin responses in coronary artery smooth muscle: ET(A) vs. ET(B) pathways.
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Endothelins (ETs) contract de-endothelialized rings from left descending coronary artery via ET(A) or ET(B) receptors. Here we test the hypothesis that the actions of EA(A) and ET(B) receptors are similar in their sensitivities to damage by hydrogen peroxide. In Ca2+-containing Krebs' solution, 100 nM of the ET(B) agonist IRL1620 produced contractions with significantly smaller force (17.6+/-1.7 mN) than 50 nM of the ET(A) + ET(B) agonist ET-1 (73.2+/-4.6 mN) (p < 0.05). In Ca2+-free solutions, the contractions due to both agents were significantly smaller (p < 0.05). Pretreating the tissues with peroxide inhibited the contractions produced by either agent. The IC50 values for peroxide were significantly higher (p < 0.05) using ET-1 (1.0+/-0.3 mM in Ca2+, 1.4+/-0.1 mM in Ca2+-free) than using IRL 1620 (0.32+/-0.08 in Ca2+, 0.25+/-0.01 mM in Ca2+-free). Pretreating microsomes isolated from the artery smooth muscle with up to 10 mM peroxide did not significantly affect 125I-ET-1 binding to ET(A) or ET(B) receptors (p > 0.05). In comparing the peroxide induced inactivation of the various processes in this artery and based on literature, we conclude that the actions of ET(A) may also involve a peroxide resistant Ca2+-independent pathway(s).
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