Effect of prostaglandin synthesis inhibitors on spontaneous and endotoxin-induced abortion in mice
- Additional Document Info
- View All
The putative role of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in suppressing rejection of the 'fetal allograft' (resorption) in C3H/HeJ and CBA/J allopregnant mice was tested by administration of the prostaglandin synthesis inhibitors indomethacin (INDO) and acetylsalicylic acid (ASA). When the resorption rate was low, INDO fed at a dose of 15 micrograms/ml in drinking water after implantation had a slight augmenting effect when the endogenous resorption rate was < 30%, but had no effect when the endogenous rate was higher or when bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was given. ASA fed at 50 micrograms/ml had no augmenting effect and did not increase sensitivity to the abortogen LPS in either CBA/J (LPS sensitive) or C3H/HeJ (LPS resistant) mice. Both INDO and ASA fed to CBA/J mice significantly reduced endogenous PGE2 extractable from the uteri of hormonally pseudopregnant mice after deciduoma induction. Feeding INDO at doses up to 30 micrograms/ml from day 2.5 of pregnancy impaired but failed to completely block implantation in CBA/J mice, and with daily administration, some of the mice became sick: all of the implants in sick mice resorbed. INDO at doses of 150-200 micrograms per day known to inhibit implantation in vivo by sufficiently blocking PGE2 synthesis, was injected on one or more days beginning after the time of implantation. This failed to cause abortion in CBA/J mice and although some mice became ill, provided this happened after day 8.5 of pregnancy when sensitivity to the abortogenic effects of injected LPS decreased substantially in these mice, all implants in the sick mice were 'healthy' (i.e. non-resorbing). We were unable to increase the rate of resorption in syngeneically pregnant CD1 mice above 13% with 15 ml INDO in drinking water. Our data do not support the view that PGE2 represents an important intrauterine suppressor molecular blocking the processes mediating embryo death at the time of abortion. Spontaneous abortion in DBA/2-mated CBA/J mice appears to be determined by the level of bacterial LPS (endotoxin) and treatment with antibiotics or intralipid (which enhances endotoxin clearance), reduces the abortion rate. A sufficient dose of INDO may cause abortion, but the data taken together suggest this may be due to effects on the gut whereby permeability to bacterial LPS is increased.
has subject area