Platelet activation and hypercoagulability following treatment with porcine factor VIII (HYATE:C)
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Activation of platelets and coagulation in vivo was studied in nine patients with hemophilia A and inhibitors to human Factor VIII, prior to and following treatment with porcine Factor VIII (PFVIII; HYATE:C). In addition, six hemophiliac patients were similarly studied after treatment with recombinant Factor VIII (rFVIII). Platelet activation was also examined in vitro using porcine von Willebrand factor (PvWF)-enriched and PvWF-depleted fractions obtained by fractionation of PFVIII. Coagulation was assessed by measuring the concentrations of plasma prothrombin fragment 1+2 concentrations (prothrombinase generation) and Factor Xa-ATIII. Patients treated with PFVIII had significantly increased numbers of circulating platelets expressing CD62 and CD63 (markers of platelet activation) and annexin V (marker of platelet procoagulant activity) compared to patients treated with rFVIII; the former patients also demonstrated an increase in plasma coagulability after therapy. In in vitro experiments it was observed that the platelet-activating and procoagulant capacity of PFVIII resided in the PvWF-enriched fraction, and the same was true for the plasma hypercoagulability following exposure of platelets to PFVIII. These results support the hypothesis that PFVIII-induced platelet activation provides a mechanism for enhancing hemostasis, separate from, and additional to, that due to increased circulating Factor VIII, and it is due to residual PvWF in the PFVIII preparation.
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