Relation between density (maximum binding) of alpha adrenoceptor binding sites and contractile response in four canine vascular tissues.
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In microsomal fractions from dog aorta, saphenous veins, mesenteric arteries and veins, both [3H]prazosin and [3H]rauwolscine displayed monophasic saturation in binding. The Kd for [3H] rauwolscine binding was similar for all these blood vessels, but the maximum number of [3H]rauwolscine binding sites was 3 to 7 times higher in veins compared to arteries. The Kd for [3H] prazosin was higher in saphenous vein than that in the arteries. The maximum number of binding sites for [3H]prazosin was similar, except for that in aorta, which was 3 times greater. Phenylephrine (alpha-1 adrenoceptor selective agonist) or norepinephrine (nonselective adrenoceptor agonist) produced similar maximal responses in all vessels. The alpha-2 adrenoceptor selective agonist, B-HT 920 (2-amino-6-allyl-3,4,7,8-tetrahydro-6H-thiazolo[5,4-d]-azepine)-induced contraction in veins but not in arteries. Prazosin (10(-6) M) inhibited completely the contractions to norepinephrine (3 x 10(-6) M) in mesenteric arteries and to phenylephrine (3 x 10(-6) M) in arteries and veins. Contractile responses of mesenteric artery were unaffected by rauwolscine. Rauwolscine (10(-7) M) caused a greater parallel rightward shift of the concentration-response curve to norepinephrine than did prazosin (10(-7) M) in saphenous veins, and a further rightward shift of responses to norepinephrine after 10(-7) M prazosin in mesenteric vein and saphenous vein and abolished B-HT 920-induced responses at alpha-2 adrenoceptors. The tissues responding to B-HT-920 correspond to those having the highest alpha-2 receptor density as measured by [3H]rauwolscine binding. The density of such sites required for contraction to be initiated in veins was much higher than with alpha-1 adrenoceptor sites.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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