Presynaptic and postjunctional muscarinic receptors in dog ileum: binding studies
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[3H]N-Methylscopolamine identified two distinct populations of muscarinic receptors in membranes derived from the longitudinal smooth muscle/myenteric plexus of dog ileum. In isolated axonal varicosities, the half-maximal saturation of binding sites occurred at 2.38 +/- 0.39 nM [3H]N-methylscopolamine, with maximal binding capacity 140 +/- 35 fmol/mg protein (mean +/- S.D., n = 8). In purified smooth muscle plasma membranes, the Kd value was 16 +/- 3 nM with Bmax 1960 +/- 494 fmol/mg. The displacement potencies of subtype-selective muscarinic antagonists in the fraction of axonal varicosities followed the order 4-diphenylacetoxy-N-methylpiperidine (4-DAMP) methiodide much greater than pirenzepine = methoctramine greater than AF-DX 116 with pKi values 7.38, 5.67, 5.70 and 5.13, respectively. Both 4-DAMP methiodide and pirenzepine were approximately 4-fold less potent in displacing the ligand from the receptors in smooth muscle plasma membranes as compared to varicose receptors. The potency ratios of cardioselective antagonists methoctramine and AF-DX 116 on varicose and smooth muscle receptors were 1 and 1.7. It is concluded that presynaptic receptors located on isolated axonal varicosities have pharmacological properties similar to glandular (M3) subtype of muscarinic receptors. The binding properties of receptors present in smooth muscle plasma membranes were found incompatible with those of any of the M1, M2 or M3 subtypes.
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