Distinct sets of acute phase plasma proteins are stimulated by separate human hepatocyte-stimulating factors and monokines in rat hepatoma cells.
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A subline of the rat hepatoma (H-35) cells has been identified which responds to hepatocyte-stimulating factors (HSFs) of human squamous carcinoma cells by increased synthesis of all major rat acute phase plasma proteins. The regulation occurs at the level of mRNA. Two HSFs (HSF-I and HSF-II) have been purified from conditioned medium of the squamous carcinoma cells. HSF-I is a protein with an Mr = 18,000 and pI 5.5, and HSF-II is a glycoprotein with an Mr = 34,000 and a broad, neutral to basic charge. In H-35 cells, HSF-I predominantly stimulates the synthesis of complement C3 and haptoglobin and acts synergistically with dexamethasone to stimulate alpha 1-acid glycoprotein. HSF-II stimulates cysteine protease inhibitor, alpha 1-antichymotrypsin, alpha 1-antitrypsin, fibrinogen, and hemopexin, and acts synergistically with dexamethasone to stimulate alpha 2-macroglobulin. Each HSF is between 10 and 100 times less effective in regulating proteins of the other set. Human tumor necrosis factor and interleukin-1 increase complement C3, haptoglobin, and alpha 1-acid glycoprotein, as does HSF-I, but are unable to modulate any of the other acute phase proteins. The monokines differ from HSF-I is their low activity in HepG2 cells and rat hepatocytes.
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