Modulation of agonist stimulated adenylyl cyclase and GTPase activity by l-pro-l-leu-glycinamide and its peptidomimetic analogue in rat striatal membranes
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L-prolyl-L-leucyl-glycinamide (PLG), also known as melanocyte-stimulating hormone release inhibiting factor (MIF-1), is an endogenous brain tripeptide. Previous studies have shown that PLG, and its peptidomimetic analogues, render dopamine D2 receptors more responsive to agonists by maintaining the high-affinity binding state of the receptors. In the present study, we examined the effect PLG and its analogue 3(R)-[(2(S)-pyrrolidylcarbonyl)amino]-2-oxo-1-pyrrolidineacetam ide (PAOPA) on dopamine-stimulated adenylyl cyclase and NPA-stimulated GTPase activity in rat striatal membranes. Dopamine-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity was inhibited by both PLG and PAOPA in a dose-dependent manner, whereas R(-)-propylnorapomorphine (NPA)-stimulated low Km GTPase activity was significantly increased by 1 microM PLG or 1 nM PAOPA. These results suggest that PLG and PAOPA maintain the high affinity state of the D2 receptor by increasing GTP hydrolysis through stimulation of agonist-induced GTPase activity.
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