Human ovarian cancer ascites fluid contains a mixture of incompletely degraded soluble products of fibrin that collectively possess an antiangiogenic property
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Ovarian cancer ascites fluid (OCAF) displayed an antiangiogenic property in a chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay. This property was attributed in part to angiostatin although angiostatin-free OCAF retained a net antiangiogenic property. Recently, immunopurified fibrin(ogen) degradation products (FDPs) from malignant effusions of VX2 tumor-burdened rabbits exhibited antiangiogenic activity on the CAM. We questioned whether the FDPs of OCAF were also antiangiogenic. FDPs were immunopurified from individual OCAF samples, characterized by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis /western blots, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, and CAM assays. FDPs of OCAFs consisted of soluble high molecular weight (MW) fragments (>200 kd; approximately 40% of total FDPs), D-dimer (approximately 180 kd; approximately 37%), fragment D (approximately 90 kd; approximately 15%), and fragment E (approximately 50 kd; approximately 8%); intact fibrinogen was absent. When applied to CAM surfaces (0.5-1.6 mg/10 mL), purified FDPs significantly reduced the area of chorionic capillaries from 90% (in controls) to 47% over a 48-h period; from CAM sections, capillary density was reduced from 60% (controls) to 26%. FDPs prepared from fibrinogen displayed a similar antiangiogenic effect. Further digestion of OCAF FDPs by human plasmin caused degradation of high MW fragments, releasing additional D-dimer, fragment D, and fragment E. Of the fibrinogen-related components, OCAF contained only soluble FDPs (including incompletely digested fibrin fragments). Collectively, these FDPs contributed to the net antiangiogenic property of ascites fluid.
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