Identification and Characterization of Receptors for Oxytocin in the Myometrium of the Pregnant Ewe
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Receptors for oxytocin were identified in a particulate fraction from the myometrium of the pregnant ewe. Specific binding of [3H]-oxytocin was rapid, reversible, and saturable. It showed an absolute requirement for Mg2+ and the selectivity among oxytocin analogues expected for the receptor. On fractionation of the myometrium by differential and discontinuous gradient centrifugation, [3H]-oxytocin binding showed a fractionation pattern which was similar to that for plasma membrane markers, but different from those for endoplasmic reticulum or mitochondrial markers. It is concluded that oxytocin receptors are located in the plasma membrane of the ewe myometrium. This subcellular fraction is a useful preparation for the study of receptor mechanisms and the regulation of myometrial contractility.
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