Colonization-Resistant Antimicrobial-Coated Peritoneal Dialysis Catheters: Evaluation in a Newly Developed Rat Model of Persistent Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Peritonitis Journal Articles uri icon

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  • ObjectiveDevelopment of a rat model of persistent peritonitis and evaluation of the ability of liposomal ciprofloxacin hydrogel-coated silicone to resist colonization.DesignA newly developed model of persistent Pseudomonas aeruginosa peritonitis to compare the ability of liposomal ciprofloxacin hydrogel (LCH)-coated silicone versus plain silicone for resistance to bacterial colonization.AnimalsMale Sprague–Dawley rats.ResultsInoculating the peritoneum of rats with 1 mL 0.5% agar containing 106colony-forming units (cfu)/mL P. aeruginosa in the presence of a plain silicone coupon resulted in persistent peritonitis for at least 7 days. Plain silicone coupons in all 40 rats were colonized (median 2.54 × 103cfu/cm2; range 5.0 × 101– 1.0 × 106cfu/cm2) and peritoneal washings were consistently culture-positive. In contrast, the LCH coupons removed after 7 days from the 40 test rats were sterile, as were the peritoneal washings, and there was no evidence of peritonitis. Blood cultures were negative in both groups.ConclusionsLiposomal ciprofloxacin hydrogel-coated silicone resists colonization in this rat model of persistent P. aeruginosa peritonitis.


  • Finelli, Anthony
  • Burrows, Lori
  • DiCosmo, Frank A
  • DiTizio, Valerio
  • Sinnadurai, Selva
  • Oreopoulos, Dimitrios G
  • Khoury, Antoine E

publication date

  • January 2002