Muscarinic activation of transient inward current and contraction in canine colon circular smooth muscle cells
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Muscarinic receptor mediated membrane currents and contractions were studied in isolated canine colon circular smooth muscle cells. Carbachol (10(-5) M) evoked a slow transient inward current that was superimposed by a transient outward current at holding potentials greater than -50 mV. Carbachol contracted the cells by 70 +/- 2%. The effects of carbachol were blocked by atropine (10(-6) M), tetraethyl ammonium (20 mM), and BAPTA-AM (25 mM applied for 20 min). The inward current and contraction were not sensitive to diltiazem (10(-5) M), nitrendipine (3 x 10(-7) M), niflumic acid (10(-5) M), or N-phenylanthranilic acid (10(-4) M), but were gradually inhibited after repetitive stimulations in Ca2+ free solution. Ni2+ (2 mM) inhibited the inward current by 67 +/- 4%. The inward current reversed at +15 mV. The outward component could be selectively inhibited by iberiotoxin (20 nM) or by intracellular Cs+. Repeated stimulation in the presence of cyclopiazonic acid (CPA, 3 microM) inhibited the carbachol-induced outward current and partially inhibited contraction. CPA did not inhibit the inward current. In conclusion, muscarinic receptor stimulation evoked a CPA-sensitive calcium release that caused contraction and a CPA-insensitive transient inward current was activated that is primarily carried by Ca2+ ions and is sensitive to Ni2+.
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