Pattern of recovery following total shoulder arthroplasty and humeral head replacement
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BACKGROUND: Understanding the pattern of recovery and expected rate of change after shoulder arthroplasty is helpful to clinicians and patients for setting realistic expectations and goals. The purpose of this study was to describe the pattern of recovery over a 2-year period for patients receiving either a Total Shoulder Arthroplasty (TSA) or Humeral Head Replacement (HHR). METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of prospectively collected data of patients who had undergone TSA or HHR and were followed for up to 2 years. Patients were seen prior to surgery and at 6 months, one year and two years after surgery and completed the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeon's (ASES) questionnaire, Relative Constant Murley score (RCMS) and underwent range of motion and strength assessment. RESULTS: Data of 134 patients who had surgery from April 2001 to July 2011 were used for analysis. One hundred and eight patients underwent TSA (81%) and 26 (19%) had HHR. Both surgeries were associated with a statistically significant improvement in physical symptoms, ASES, RCMS, range of motion and strength (p <0.0001). The greatest change for all outcomes occurred within the first 6-months of surgery. Improvement in ASES, RCMS continued up to 12-months and then plateaued. Improvement in physical symptoms leveled off at 6-months in the HHR group but continued up to 12-months in the TSR group. Strength showed improvement in both groups up to 24-months post-surgery. CONCLUSION: Both TSA and HHR groups showed a statistically significant improvement in perceived disability, range of motion and strength over two years with the greatest improvement made by 6 months. The recovery profiles for the surgeries showed different patterns.
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