Multiple window time-frequency distribution and coherence of EEG using Slepian sequences and Hermite functions Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Multiple window (MW) time-frequency analysis (TFA) is a newly developed technique to estimate a time-varying spectrum for random nonstationary signals with low bias and variance. In this paper, we describe the application of MW-TFA techniques to electroencephalogram (EEG) and compare the results with those of the conventional spectrogram. We find that the MW-TFA provide us with not only low bias and variance time-frequency (TF) distribution for EEG but also TF coherence estimation between a single realization of EEG recorded from two sites. We also compare the performance of the MW-TFA using two sets of windows, Slepian sequences, and Hermite functions. If care is taken in matching the two windows, we find no noticeable difference in the resulting TF representations.

publication date

  • July 1999