Proximal humeral fractures: A systematic review of treatment modalities Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • A systematic review was conducted of primary intervention of proximal humeral fracture, which is a common injury with significant morbidity. Keywords of proximal humeral fracture were entered into PubMed and Embase databases. Two evaluators reviewed abstracts from 1985 to 2004 for inclusion and exclusion criteria yielding 66 articles. These articles were evaluated independently for outcomes and quality of evidence using the Structured Effectiveness Quality Evaluation Scale and Sackett's Levels of Evidence. Patient characteristics and outcomes were recorded. The 66 studies included 2155 patients grouped by fracture types according to the Neer classification system. Studies differed by intervention, methods, outcome measures and results. Quality scores averaged 15/48; only 2 articles included randomized groups. Current studies typically lack randomization, comparators, and independent evaluation, with a resultant inability to produce clinical conclusions. Further research comparing primary treatment methods in a properly designed and controlled fashion is required, ideally using randomized controlled trials.

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publication date

  • January 2008