Outcomes of neonatal patent ductus arteriosus ligation in Canadian neonatal units with and without pediatric cardiac surgery programs Conference Paper uri icon

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abstract

  • BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Preterm infants needing patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation are transferred to a pediatric cardiac center (CC) unless the operation can be done locally by a pediatric surgeon at a non-cardiac center (NCC). We compared infant outcomes after PDA ligation at CC and NCC. METHODS: We analyzed 990 preterm infants who had PDA ligation between 2005 and 2009 using the Canadian Neonatal Network database. In-hospital mortality and major morbidities were compared between CC (n=18) and NCC (n=9). RESULTS: SNAP-II-adjusted mortality rates were similar (CC=8.7% vs NCC=10.7%, P=.32). Significant cranial ultrasound abnormalities (CC=24.1% vs NCC=32.1%, P<.01) and culture-proven sepsis (CC=39.7% vs NCC=54.8%, P<.01) were more frequent in infants treated at NCC. Infants transferred to CC had higher rates of cranial ultrasound abnormalities (transferred 31.6% vs non-transferred 20.4%, P<.01). NSAIDs prior to PDA ligation were used more often at NCC (CC 36.6% vs NCC 75.6%, P<.001). CONCLUSIONS: Mortality rates after PDA ligation were similar at CC and NCC, but cranial ultrasound abnormalities and sepsis rates were higher at NCC. Higher morbidity may be associated with different PDA management strategies, including NSAID use or infant transfer. Further studies are needed to investigate the reasons for these differences in morbidity.

publication date

  • May 2013

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