Patterns of care for the initial management of cervical cancer in Ontario.
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OBJECTIVE: To facilitate the planning of resources for cancer services in Ontario, Cancer Care Ontario commissioned an evaluation of operative services delivered for cervical cancer. METHODS: Women with an incident diagnosis of cervical cancer were identified from 1 April, 2003 to 31 March, 2004 using the Ontario Cancer Registry. Record linkages were created to other provincial health databases such as the Ontario Health Insurance Plan. RESULTS: There were 513 incident cases. Disease-specific rates of cancer were higher in rural areas and those from lower income quintiles. Forty-three percent of women had no surgery. Use of surgery did not appear to vary by SEC, urban/rural residence or LHIN. Women of younger age were more like to receive surgery for cervical cancer. Gynecologists conducted 63% of the operations. Gynecologics were most likely to complete a lymphadenectomy (70.3%). All women were assessed by CXR. Only 22% of women had a CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis. Radiation consults were performed in half of the women with cervix cancer but treatment was only delivered to half of those seen. Medical oncologists saw about 10% of women with cervical cancers. CONCLUSIONS: There appear to be variations in incidence rates of cervical cancer, with cancers being more frequent in rural areas. In two-thirds of the population, surgery is performed in the region where the patient lives. Subspecialty care from gynecologic oncologists was provided to one-third of women. These preliminary data would be enhanced with further information such as comorbidity, treatment intent (palliative/curative), histology, grade and stage.
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