What information do Dutch midwives give clients about toxoplasmosis, listeriosis and cytomegalovirus prevention? An exploratory study of videotaped consultations
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OBJECTIVE: To assess information provided by midwives about methods to prevent toxoplasmosis, listeriosis and cytomegalovirus, and whether the amount of provided information varied according to clients' and midwives' characteristics. METHODS: Intake consultations with 229 clients in four midwifery practices were videotaped between August 2010 and April 2011. Videotaped intake consultations, where infectious disease prevention were discussed, were evaluated, using a specifically designed nine-item scoring tool. Midwives and clients filled in a questionnaire about their background characteristics. Multilevel linear regression analysis was performed to establish associations between the amount of information provided and clients' and midwives' characteristics. RESULTS: In total 172 consultations with fifteen midwives were suitable for analyses. Information about not eating raw or undercooked meat and not consuming unpasteurized dairy products was provided most often. Information about not sharing eating utensils with small children and thoroughly reheating all ready-to-eat foods were rarely provided. More information was provided when the client was a primigravidae or the consultation lasted longer than 50min. CONCLUSION: Information on infectious disease prevention given to pregnant women by primary care midwives was insufficient; especially for cytomegalovirus prevention. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: A guideline for professionals on preventable infectious diseases may be useful to inform pregnant women properly.
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