Cytokine-induced expression of mRNAs for chemotactic factors in human synovial cells and fibroblasts
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In response to interleukin 1 or tumor necrosis factor, human synovial cells and fibroblasts expressed several genes encoding known chemotactic factors or related proteins. Transcripts for interleukin 8 (IL-8), gro/MGSA, pAT 464, IP-10, pAT 744 and Monocyte Chemotactic and Activating Factor (MCAF) accumulated rapidly in IL-1 and TNF-treated cells. The inhibition of protein synthesis led to the superinduction of IL-8 and gro/MGSA mRNAs in IL-1, but not in TNF-treated cells. Thus, IL-1 and TNF are likely to regulate the expression of these mRNAs by different mechanisms. Important cell-specific differences in mRNA accumulation characterized the expression of chemotactic factor genes. Moreover, only a subset of the same genes was activated in quiescent cells stimulated by serum. Therefore, genes encoding closely related proteins each had a distinct pattern of expression. continuous stimulation of fibroblasts and synovial cells with IL-1 resulted in high and prolonged expression of IL-8 and gro/MGSA mRNAs. These results extend the list of chemotactic factor genes expressed by mesenchymal cells in vitro and suggest a pivotal role for these cells in processes such as chronic inflammation.
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