Both sexes develop DKD in the CD1 uninephrectomized streptozotocin mouse model Journal Articles uri icon

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  • AbstractDiabetic kidney disease (DKD) is characterized by a progressive increase in albuminuria and typical pathologic features. Recent studies have shown that sex is an important factor to consider in the pathogenesis of DKD. Presently, the hallmarks of this disease have primarily been studied in male rodent models. Here we explored the influence of sex in a murine model of DKD. CD1 mice underwent a right nephrectomy followed by intraperitoneal injection with 200 mg/kg streptozotocin to induce type 1 diabetes. Due to a high mortality rate, females required a reduction in streptozotocin to 150 mg/kg. Mice were followed for 12 weeks. Both sexes developed comparable hyperglycemia, while albuminuria and glomerular volume were increased to a greater degree in females and kidney hypertrophy was only seen in females. Males had a greater increase in blood pressure and glomerular basement membrane thickening, and a greater decrease in endpoint weight. Serum TGFβ1 levels were increased only in females. However, both sexes showed a similar increase in induction of kidney fibrosis. T cell and macrophage infiltration were also increased in both sexes. While some differences were observed, overall, both sexes developed clinical and pathologic characteristics of early DKD. Future studies evaluating therapeutic interventions can thus be assessed in both sexes of this DKD model.


  • Trink, Jackie
  • Nmecha, Ifeanyi Kennedy
  • Zhang, Dan
  • MacDonald, Melissa
  • Gao, Bo
  • Krepinsky, Joan

publication date

  • October 3, 2023