Effect of nintedanib in patients with progressive pulmonary fibrosis associated with rheumatoid arthritis: data from the INBUILD trial Journal Articles uri icon

  • Overview
  • Research
  • Identity
  • Additional Document Info
  • View All


  • Abstract Objectives Some patients with rheumatoid arthritis develop interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD) that develops into progressive pulmonary fibrosis. We assessed the efficacy and safety of nintedanib versus placebo in patients with progressive RA-ILD in the INBUILD trial. Methods The INBUILD trial enrolled patients with fibrosing ILD (reticular abnormality with traction bronchiectasis, with or without honeycombing) on high-resolution computed tomography of >10% extent. Patients had shown progression of pulmonary fibrosis within the prior 24 months, despite management in clinical practice. Subjects were randomised to receive nintedanib or placebo. Results In the subgroup of 89 patients with RA-ILD, the rate of decline in FVC over 52 weeks was −82.6 mL/year in the nintedanib group versus −199.3 mL/year in the placebo group (difference 116.7 mL/year [95% CI 7.4, 226.1]; nominal p = 0.037). The most frequent adverse event was diarrhoea, which was reported in 61.9% and 27.7% of patients in the nintedanib and placebo groups, respectively, over the whole trial (median exposure: 17.4 months). Adverse events led to permanent discontinuation of trial drug in 23.8% and 17.0% of subjects in the nintedanib and placebo groups, respectively. Conclusions In the INBUILD trial, nintedanib slowed the decline in FVC in patients with progressive fibrosing RA-ILD, with adverse events that were largely manageable. The efficacy and safety of nintedanib in these patients were consistent with the overall trial population. A graphical abstract is available at: https://www.globalmedcomms.com/respiratory/INBUILD_RA-ILD. Key PointsIn patients with rheumatoid arthritis and progressive pulmonary fibrosis, nintedanib reduced the rate of decline in forced vital capacity (mL/year) over 52 weeks by 59% compared with placebo.The adverse event profile of nintedanib was consistent with that previously observed in patients with pulmonary fibrosis, characterised mainly by diarrhoea.The effect of nintedanib on slowing decline in forced vital capacity, and its safety profile, appeared to be consistent between patients who were taking DMARDs and/or glucocorticoids at baseline and the overall population of patients with rheumatoid arthritis and progressive pulmonary fibrosis.


  • Matteson, Eric L
  • Aringer, Martin
  • Burmester, Gerd R
  • Mueller, Heiko
  • Moros, Lizette
  • Kolb, Martin Rainer

publication date

  • September 2023