Effect of Varying Burn Sizes and Ambient Temperature on the Hypermetabolic Rate in Thermally Injured Rats
- Additional Document Info
- View All
BACKGROUND: Small animals with scald covering 50% of their total body surface area (TBSA) have been used to study the hypermetabolic burn response. In the 50% TBSA burn rat model, the area of normal skin that is available for animal instrumentation is restricted and the mortality rate has been high. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a smaller burn size can induce a similar hypermetabolic response with mortality rates lower than those of the 50% TBSA model. METHODS: Rats were randomly divided into four groups to receive a 0% (sham nonburned), 30%, 40%, or 50% TBSA third-degree scald burn. The hypermetabolic response was determined by measuring changes in body weight and oxygen consumption at ambient temperatures of 21, 26, and 31 degrees C for each burn size. Weight measurements were made daily while oxygen consumption was measured 7, 11, and 14 days after thermal injury. RESULTS: All thermally injured rats lost body weight; however, there were no significant differences between the 30, 40, and 50% TBSA burn groups. Burn induced a hypermetabolic response as indicated by an increase in oxygen consumption from 130 to 200% that of sham nonburned rats. No significant difference in oxygen consumption could be shown over the study period between the three burn sizes at different ambient temperatures. Mortality was 0% in the sham and 30% group, 10% for the 40% group, and 50% for the 50% TBSA burn group. CONCLUSIONS: From our study we conclude that a burn size covering 30% of the TBSA induces the same hypermetabolic response as a 50% TBSA burn.
has subject area