Reversibility and binding kinetics of Thermobifida fusca cellulases studied through fluorescence recovery after photobleaching microscopy
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Cellulases are enzymes capable of depolymerizing cellulose. Understanding their interactions with cellulose can improve biomass saccharification and enzyme recycling in biofuel production. This paper presents a study on binding and binding reversibility of Thermobifida fusca cellulases Cel5A, Cel6B, and Cel9A bound onto Bacterial Microcrystalline Cellulose. Cellulase binding was assessed through fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) at 23, 34, and 45 °C. It was found that cellulase binding is only partially reversible. For processive cellulases Cel6B and Cel9A, an increase in temperature resulted in a decrease of the fraction of cellulases reversibly bound, while for endocellulase Cel5A this fraction remained constant. Kinetic parameters were obtained by fitting the FRAP curves to a binding-dominated model. The unbinding rate constants obtained for all temperatures were highest for Cel5A and lowest for Cel9A. The results presented demonstrate the usefulness of FRAP to access the fast binding kinetics characteristic of cellulases operating at their optimal temperature.
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