Vortices in the two-dimensional dipolar Bose gas Conference Paper uri icon

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abstract

  • We present vortex solutions for the homogeneous two-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensate featuring dipolar atomic interactions, mapped out as a function of the dipolar interaction strength (relative to the contact interactions) and polarization direction. Stable vortex solutions arise in the regimes where the fully homogeneous system is stable to the phonon or roton instabilities. Close to these instabilities, the vortex profile differs significantly from that of a vortex in a nondipolar quantum gas, developing, for example, density ripples and an anisotropic core. Meanwhile, the vortex itself generates a mesoscopic dipolar potential which, at distance, scales as 1/r^2 and has an angular dependence which mimics the microscopic dipolar interaction.

publication date

  • April 9, 2014