FRACTIONAL DEGREE VORTICES FOR A SPINOR GINZBURG–LANDAU MODEL Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Recent papers in the physics literature have introduced spin-coupled (or spinor) Ginzburg–Landau models for complex vector-valued order parameters in order to account for ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic effects in high-temperature superconductors and in optically confined Bose–Einstein condensates. In this paper, we show that such models give rise to new types of vortices, with fractional degree and nontrivial core structure. We illustrate the various possibilites with some specific examples of Dirichlet problems in the unit disk.

publication date

  • June 2006