Synthesis, NMR, and X-ray Crystallographic Analysis of C-Hydrazino-C-Carboxycarboranes: Versatile Ligands for the Preparation of BNCT and BNCS Agents and 99mTc Radiopharmaceuticals
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Protected hydrazine derivatives of ortho-, meta-, and para-carboranes were synthesized in good to excellent yields by reacting the mono-lithio salts of the respective carboranes with di-tert-butyl azodicarboxylate (DBAD). Subsequent deprotonation of the remaining carborane CH group, followed by the addition of CO(2)(g), resulted in the formation of bifunctional C-hydrazino-C-carboxycarboranes in good to excellent overall yields. Crystal structures of the monosubstituted ortho-carborane, 1-[(N,N'((tert-butyloxy)carbonyl)hydrazino)]-1,2-dicarba-closo-dodecaborane (8) [a = 21.213(6) A, b = 10.498(3) A, c = 9.866(2) A, alpha = gamma = 90 degrees, beta = 90.529(4) degrees ] and the bifunctional para-carborane 1-[(N,N'((tert-butyloxy)carbonyl)hydrazino)]-1,12-dicarba-closo-dodecaborane-12-carboxylic acid (3) [a = 12.744(10) A, b = 12.875(9) A, c = 14.767(9) A, alpha = beta = gamma = 90 degrees ] were obtained. Intermolecular hydrogen bonding was a dominant packing feature in both structures. The reported compounds represent a unique class of bifunctional carboranes that can be used in peptidomimetic research and as synthons to prepare novel radiopharmaceuticals and boron neutron capture therapy/boron neutron capture synovectomy (BNCT/BNCS) agents.
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