A shotgun lipidomics approach in Sinorhizobium meliloti as a tool in functional genomics
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A shotgun lipidomics approach that allowed the analysis of eight lipid classes directly from crude extracts of the soil bacterium Sinorhizobium meliloti is presented. New MS-MS transitions are reported for the analysis of monomethylphosphatidylethanolamines, dimethylphosphatidylethanolamines, and three bacterial non-phosphorus-containing lipid classes [sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerols, ornithines, and diacylglyceryl-(N,N,N-trimethyl)-homoserines]. Unique MS-MS transitions allowed the analysis of isomeric species from various lipid classes without chromatography. Analyses required small sample amounts and minimal preparation; thus, this methodology has excellent potential to be used as a screening tool for the analysis of large numbers of samples in functional genomics studies. FA distributions within lipid classes of S. meliloti are described for the first time, and the relative positions of fatty acyl substituents (sn-1, sn-2) in phospholipids are presented. FA distributions in diacylglyceryl-(N,N,N-trimethyl)-homoserines were identical to those of phospholipids, indicating a common biosynthetic origin for these lipids. The method was applied to the analysis of mutants deficient in the PhoB regulator protein. Increased lipid cyclopropanation was observed in PhoB-deficient mutants under P(i) starvation.
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