Specific miRNA-G Protein-Coupled Receptor Networks Regulate Sox9a/Sox9b Activities to Promote Gonadal Rejuvenation in Zebrafish Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Abstract Fertility and endocrine function rely on a tightly regulated synchronicity within the hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal axis, for which the sex gonad serves as the primary source of sex steroid hormones and germ cells. To maintain hormonal stasis and fertility throughout the lifespan, inducing gonadal stem cell renewal is an attractive strategy. The follicle-stimulating hormone/cAMP/MAPK/Sox9 signaling axis and its regulated specific miRNAs are thought to regulate vertebrate gonadal development and sex differentiation, yet the regulatory networks are largely unknown. By genome-wide transcriptome mining and gonadal microinjections, we identify two G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)-regulatory circuits: miR430a-Sox9a in the testis and miR218a-Sox9b in the ovary. Coinjection of a Sox9a-miR430a mixture promotes spermatogenesis, whereas Sox9b-miR218a mixture increases primordial ovarian follicles. Coimmunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry indicate that the two mixtures differentially modulate Sox9a/Sox9b multiple covalent modifications. We further reveal that miR430a and Sox9a synergistically activate testicular protein kinase C (PKC)/Akt signaling, whereas the miR218a and Sox9b mixture constrains ovary PKC/Akt signaling. pMIR-GFP reporter assay demonstrate that miR430a and miR218a target the 3′ untranslated region (UTR) of four GPCR targets (lgr4, grk5l, grk4, and grp157). Knockdown of these GPCR genes or two Sox9 genes alters miR430a and miR218a regulation in the above gonad-specific PKC and Akt signaling pathways. These results establish two specific miRNA-GPCR-Sox9 networks and provide mechanistic insight into gonadal differentiation and rejuvenation. Stem Cells  2019;37:1189–1199

authors

  • Guo, Huiping
  • Du, Xinlu
  • Zhang, Ying
  • Wu, Jiacheng
  • Wang, Chenghui
  • Li, Mingyou
  • Hua, Xianxin
  • Zhang, Xin A
  • Yan, Jizhou

publication date

  • September 1, 2019

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