Monocytic Differentiation of Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia Cells in Response to 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3Is Independent of Nuclear Receptor Binding
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We have shown that 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2D3) primes NB4 cells, the only available acute promyelocytic leukemia cell line, for 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate-induced monocytic differentiation. Here, we have used isomers of 1,25(OH)2D3 to investigate the role of 1,25(OH)2D3 and its putative nuclear receptor (VDR) in NB4 cell monocytic differentiation. 1 beta,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (HL), a specific antagonist of only the nongenomic signals of 1,25(OH)2D3, attenuated the priming effect of 1,25(OH)2D3. The 6-cis conformer of 1,25(OH)2D3 (HF), which is unable to bind to VDR, was 20 times more potent than 1,25(OH)2D3 as a priming agent for monocytic differentiation. This response was also blocked by the HL antagonist. Unlike myelocytic HL-60 cells, which respond to 1,25(OH)2D3 with increases in VDR expression and monocytic differentiation, neither HF nor 1,25(OH)2D3 regulated VDR expression in NB4 cells. In the monocytic differentiation of acute promyelocytic leukemia cells, 1,25(OH)2D3 appears to signal through a pathway independent of VDR/VDRE action.
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