This study compared the independent and combined effects of hemolysis and biotin on cardiac troponin measurements across nine high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) assays.
Parallel cTn measurements were made in pooled lithium heparin plasma spiked with hemolysate and/or biotin using nine hs-cTn assays: Abbott Alinity, Abbott ARCHITECT i2000, Beckman Access 2, Ortho VITROS XT 7600, Siemens Atellica, Siemens Centaur, Siemens Dimension EXL cTnI, and two Roche Cobas e 411 Elecsys Troponin T-hs cTnT assays (outside US versions, with and without increased biotin tolerance). Absolute and percent cTn recovery relative to two baseline concentrations were determined in spiked samples and compared to manufacturer’s claims.
All assays except the Ortho VITROS XT 7600 showed hemolysis and biotin interference thresholds equivalent to or greater than manufacturer’s claims. While imprecision confounded analysis of Ortho VITROS XT 7600 data, evidence of biotin interference was lacking. Increasing biotin concentration led to decreasing cTn recovery in three assays, specifically both Roche Cobas e 411 Elecsys Troponin T-hs assays and the Siemens Dimension EXL. While one of the Roche assays was the most susceptible to biotin among the nine studied, a new version showed reduced biotin interference by approximately 100-fold compared to its predecessor. Increasing hemolysis also generally led to decreasing cTn recovery for susceptible assays, specifically the Beckman Access 2, Ortho VITROS XT 7600, and both Roche Cobas e 411 Elecsys assays. Equivalent biotin and hemolysis interference thresholds were observed at the two cTn concentrations considered for all but two assays (Beckman Access 2 and Ortho VITROS XT 7600). When biotin and hemolysis were present in combination, biotin interference thresholds decreased with increasing hemolysis for two susceptible assays (Roche Cobas e 411 Elecsys and Siemens Dimension EXL).
Both Roche Cobas e 411 Elecsys as well as Ortho VITROS XT assays were susceptible to interference from
in vitrohemolysis at levels routinely encountered in clinical laboratory samples (0–3 g/L free hemoglobin), leading to falsely low cTn recovery up to 3 ng/L or 13%. While most assays are not susceptible to biotin at levels expected with over-the-counter supplementation, severely reduced cTn recovery is possible at biotin levels of 10–2000 ng/mL (41–8,180 nmol/L) for some assays. Due to potential additive effects, analytical interferences should not be considered in isolation.