Development of a novel mobile application, HBB Prompt, with human factors and user-centred design for Helping Babies Breathe skills retention in Uganda Journal Articles uri icon

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  • Abstract Background Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) is a life-saving program that has helped reduce neonatal morbidity and mortality, but knowledge and skills retention after training remains a significant challenge for sustainability of impact. User-centred design (UCD) can be used to develop solutions to target knowledge and skills maintenance. Methods We applied a process of UCD beginning with understanding the facilitators of, and barriers to, learning and retaining HBB knowledge and skills. HBB Master Trainers and frontline HBB providers participated in a series of focus group discussions (FGDs) to uncover the processes of skills acquisition and maintenance to develop a mobile application called “HBB Prompt”. Themes derived from each FGD were identified and implications for development of the HBB Prompt app were explored, including feasibility of incorporating strategies into the format of an app. Data analysis took place after each iteration in Phase 1 to incorporate feedback and improve subsequent versions of HBB Prompt. Results Six HBB trainers and seven frontline HBB providers participated in a series of FGDs in Phase 1 of this study. Common themes included lack of motivation to practise, improving confidence in ventilation skills, ability to achieve the Golden Minute, fear of forgetting knowledge or skills, importance of feedback, and peer-to-peer learning. Themes identified that were not feasible to address pertained to health system challenges. Feedback about HBB Prompt was generally positive. Based on initial and iterative feedback, HBB Prompt was created with four primary functions: Training Mode, Simulation Mode, Quizzes, and Dashboard/Scoreboard. Conclusions Developing HBB Prompt with UCD to help improve knowledge and skills retention was feasible and revealed key concepts, including drivers for successes and challenges faced for learning and maintaining HBB skills. HBB Prompt will be piloted in Phase 2 of this study, where knowledge and skills retention after HBB training will be compared between an intervention group with HBB Prompt and a control group without the app. Trial registration (NCT03577054). Retrospectively registered July 5, 2018,


  • Chan, Natalie Hoi-Man
  • Merali, Hasan
  • Mistry, Niraj
  • Kealey, Ryan
  • Campbell, Douglas M
  • Morris, Shaun K
  • Data, Santorino

publication date

  • December 2021