Namaste care delivered by caregivers of community‐dwelling older adults with moderate to advanced dementia: A mixed methods study protocol
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AIM: The aim of this study is to adapt and evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effectiveness of a multisensory, psychosocial intervention called Namaste Care delivered by family and friend caregivers of community-dwelling older adults with moderate to advanced dementia. DESIGN: A multiphase mixed methods design combining quantitative and qualitative methods will be used. METHODS: This study is composed of two phases. Phase 1 is guided by a qualitative description approach. Small group workshop sessions with 8-10 caregivers of community-dwelling older adults with moderate to advanced dementia will be conducted to adapt Namaste Care. In Phase 2, 10-20 caregivers will receive training and implement the adapted Namaste Care approach at home. A one group, before-after design will be used to evaluate feasibility, acceptability and preliminary effectiveness of the approach over 3 months. Feasibility will be assessed using quantitative measures and acceptability will be explored using qualitative methods. Outcomes to evaluate preliminary effectiveness include quality of life (QoL), positive perceptions of caregiving, self-efficacy, and caregiver burden. DISCUSSION: There are currently few skill-building interventions that can be delivered by caregivers of people with moderate to advanced dementia at home. Caregivers should be involved in developing programs to enhance program relevance. This research will be the first to explore the feasibility of implementing the Namaste Care approach at home by caregivers. IMPACT: Study results will provide important information about the feasibility and preliminary effects of an adapted form of Namaste Care. This program has the potential to improve the QoL of caregivers and may prevent hospitalization or long-term care placement of older persons with moderate to advanced dementia. The revised Namaste Care program supports building the skills of caregivers so that their needs and the needs of older persons with dementia living at home are being addressed.
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