Burden of respiratory syncytial virus hospitalisation among infants born at 32–35 weeks' gestational age in the Northern Hemisphere: pooled analysis of seven studies Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • AbstractTo provide comprehensive information on the epidemiology and burden of respiratory syncytial virus hospitalisation (RSVH) in preterm infants, a pooled analysis was undertaken of seven multicentre, prospective, observational studies from across the Northern Hemisphere (2000–2014). Data from all 320–356weeks' gestational age (wGA) infants without comorbidity were analysed. RSVH occurred in 534/14 504 (3.7%) infants; equating to a rate of 5.65per100 patient-seasons, with the rate in individual wGA groups dependent upon exposure time (P= 0.032). Most RSVHs (60.1%) occurred in December–January. Median age at RSVH was 88 days (interquartile range (IQR): 54–159). Respiratory support was required by 82.0% of infants: oxygen in 70.4% (median 4 (IQR: 2–6) days); non-invasive ventilation in 19.3% (median 3 (IQR: 2–5) days); and mechanical ventilation in 10.2% (median 5 (IQR: 3–7) days). Intensive care unit admission was required by 17.9% of infants (median 6 days (IQR: 2–8) days). Median overall hospital length of stay (LOS) was 5 (IQR: 3–8) days. Hospital resource use was similar across wGA groups except for overall LOS, which was shortest in those born 35 wGA (median 3vs.4–6 days for 32–34 wGA;P< 0.001). Strategies to reduce the burden of RSVH in otherwise healthy 32–35 wGA infants are indicated.

authors

  • Lanari, M
  • Anderson, EJ
  • Sheridan-Pereira, M
  • Carbonell-Estrany, X
  • Paes, Bosco
  • Rodgers-Gray, BS
  • Fullarton, JR
  • Grubb, E
  • Blanken, M

publication date

  • 2020