Multiple daily doses of acetyl-salicylic acid (ASA) overcome reduced platelet response to once-daily ASA after coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a pilot randomized controlled trial
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BACKGROUND: The efficacy of ASA for prevention of graft failure following CABG surgery may be limited by incomplete platelet inhibition due to increased post-operative platelet turnover. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether acetyl-salicylic acid (ASA) 325 mg once-daily or 81 mg four-times daily overcomes the impaired response to ASA 81 mg once-daily in post-operative coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients. METHODS: We randomized 110 patients undergoing CABG surgery to either ASA 81 mg once-daily, 81 mg four times daily or 325 mg once-daily and compared their effects on serum thromboxane B2 (TXB2 ) suppression and arachidonate-induced platelet aggregation. RESULTS: One hundred patients were included in the final analysis. Platelet counts fell after surgery, reached a nadir on day 2, and then gradually increased. Although there was near complete suppression of TXB2 on the second or third post-operative day, TXB2 levels increased in parallel with the rise in platelet count on subsequent days. This increase was most marked in patients receiving ASA 81 mg once-daily and less evident in those receiving ASA four times daily. On post-operative day 4, (i) median TXB2 levels were lower with four times daily ASA than with either ASA 81 mg once-daily (1.1 ng/mL; Quartile(Q) Q1,Q3: 0.5, 2.4 and 13.3 ng/mL; Q1,Q3: 7.8, 30.8 ng/mL, respectively; P < 0.0001) or ASA 325 mg once-daily (3.4 ng/mL; Q1,Q3: 2.0, 8.2 ng/mL; P = 0.002), and (ii) ASA given four times daily was more effective than ASA 81 mg once-daily and 325 mg once-daily at suppressing platelet aggregation. CONCLUSIONS: Four times daily ASA is more effective than ASA 81 and 325 mg once-daily at suppressing serum TXB2 formation and platelet aggregation immediately following CABG surgery.
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