Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the type and extent of caregiver burden uniquely experienced by spousal caregivers of older adults with dysphagia. Method: Using the Round 1 surveys from the National Health and Aging Trends Study and the National Study of Caregiving, we analyzed data on 422 community-dwelling older adults and their spousal caregivers. Results: Approximately 17% of care recipients reported swallowing difficulties. Logistic regression analysis revealed that caregivers of spouses with dysphagia were significantly more likely to experience emotional burden, p = .038; odds ratio (OR) = 2.06; 95% confidence interval (CI): [1.04, 4.09]. Of those spouses caring for partners with dysphagia who reported emotional burden, nearly 70% rated the burden moderate to severe. Discussion: Dysphagia in community-dwelling older adults is associated with increased emotional burden among spousal caregivers. Given the intricate relationship between the health and well-being of both members of the caregiving dyad, these findings support the need for interventions that prioritize dyadic health.