Lung epithelial permeability in sarcoidosis. Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease with a 90% prevalence of lung involvement. It is now accepted that lymphocytes play a major modulatory role in the pathogenesis of this disease. However it has become evident in recent years that a number of other inflammatory cells capable of releasing mediators which can cause lung injury are involved as well. Although sarcoidosis is a relatively benign disease, it is well recognized that about 25% of the patients, perhaps those with unresolved injury, experience a relentless course and ultimately die from the disease. The rate of absorption from the lung of 99m Tc-DTPA is influenced by the integrity of the pulmonary epithelium, which might be altered as a result of injury to the lung. Several groups have measured 99m Tc-DTPA absorption in patients with sarcoidosis and have shown that it was increased in more than 50% of the patients studied. This abnormality seemed to prevail in patients with more advanced disease and in those who did not show a benign course. Whether a persistent increase in the rate of absorption of 99m Tc-DTPA reflects current or unresolved lung injury is unclear. The possibility of this technique being useful in monitoring the course of sarcoidosis deserves attention and should be further explored.

publication date

  • September 1987