Fluoroquinolone Resistance in Clinical Isolates ofStreptococcus pneumoniae: Contributions of Type II Topoisomerase Mutations and Efflux to Levels of Resistance Academic Article uri icon

  •  
  • Overview
  •  
  • Research
  •  
  • Identity
  •  
  • Additional Document Info
  •  
  • View All
  •  

abstract

  • ABSTRACT We report on amino acid substitutions in the quinolone resistance-determining region of type II topisomerases and the prevalence of reserpine-inhibited efflux for 70 clinical isolates ofS. pneumoniae for which the ciprofloxacin MIC is ≥4 μg/ml and 28 isolates for which the ciprofloxacin MIC is ≤2 μg/ml. The amino acid substitutions in ParC conferring low-level resistance (MICs, 4 to 8 μg/ml) included Phe, Tyr, and Ala for Ser-79; Asn, Ala, Gly, Tyr, and Val for Asp-83; Asn for Asp-78; and Pro for Ala-115. Isolates with intermediate-level (MICs, 16 to 32 μg/ml) and high-level (MICs, 64 μg/ml) resistance harbored substitutions of Phe and Tyr for Ser-79 or Asn and Ala for Asp-83 in ParC and an additional substitution in GyrA which included either Glu-85-Lys (Gly) or Ser-81-Phe (Tyr). Glu-85-Lys was found exclusively in isolates with high-level resistance. Efflux contributed primarily to low-level resistance in isolates with or without an amino acid substitution in ParC. The impact of amino acid substitutions in ParE was minimal, and no substitutions in GyrB were identified.

authors

  • Bast, Darrin J
  • Low, Donald E
  • Duncan, Carla L
  • Kilburn, Laurie
  • Mandell, Lionel
  • Davidson, Ross J
  • de Azavedo, Joyce CS

publication date

  • November 1, 2000

has subject area