Ecological Behavior ofLactobacillus reuteri100-23 Is Affected by Mutation of theluxSGene Journal Articles uri icon

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  • ABSTRACTTheluxSgene ofLactobacillus reuteri100-23C was amplified by PCR, cloned, and then sequenced. To define a physiological and ecological role for theluxSgene inL. reuteri100-23C, aluxSmutant was constructed by insertional mutagenesis. TheluxSmutant did not produce autoinducers AI-2 or AI-3. Complementation of theluxSmutation by a plasmid construct containingluxSrestored AI-2 and AI-3 synthesis. In vitro experiments revealed that neither the growth rate, nor the cell yield, nor cell survival in the stationary phase were compromised in theluxSmutant relative to the wild type and complemented mutant. The ATP content of exponentially growing cells of theluxSmutant was, however, 65% of that of wild-type cells. Biofilms formed by theluxSmutant on plastic surfaces in a bioreactor were thicker than those formed by the wild type. Biofilm thickness was not restored to wild-type values by the addition of purified AI-2 to the culture medium. In vivo experiments, conducted with ex-Lactobacillus-free mice, showed that biofilms formed by the mutant strain on the epithelial surface of the forestomach were approximately twice as thick as those formed by the wild type. The ecological performance of theluxSmutant, when in competition withL. reuteristrain 100-93 in the mouse cecum, was reduced compared to that of axylAmutant of 100-23C. These results demonstrate that LuxS influences important ecological attributes ofL. reuteri100-23C, the consequences of which are niche specific.


  • Tannock, Gerald W
  • Ghazally, Salina
  • Walter, Jens
  • Loach, Diane
  • Brooks, Heather
  • Cook, Gregory
  • Surette, Michael
  • Simmers, Cameron
  • Bremer, Phil
  • Dal Bello, Fabio
  • Hertel, Christian

publication date

  • December 2005