The effect of heparin on the affinity chromatography of plasminogen Demonstration of heparin-plasminogen interaction
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Evidence is presented that heparin binds rabbit plasminogen types I and II under affinity chromatographic conditions using the single stage technique earlier described (Hatton, M.W.C. and Regoeczi, E. (1974) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 359, 55-65). Thus, the affinity of types I and II for Sepharose-lysine is markedly increased in the presence of heparin and elution by epsilon-aminohexanoic acid requires a steeper gradient to recover the plasminogen types. Furthermore by adding sufficient epsilon-aminohexanoic acid to non-heparinised plasma to suppress plasminogen affinity, the presence of heparin is shown to encourage binding of plasminogen (type II more so than type I) to the gel. However, the heparin effect is quickly reversed by washing the column with 0.5 M NaCl prior to elution by epsilon-aminohexanoic acid. No evidence of a stable plasminogen-heparin complex has been found from gel filtration studies and any interaction between plasminogen and heparin probably only takes place when heparin is bound to an affinity site. Studies with 35-S-labelled heparin have shown the mucopolysaccharide to bind to the free amino group of Sepharose-lysine and Sepharose-cadaverine and to be displaced by 0.5 M NaCl elution but not by 0.1 M epsilon-aminohexanoic acid. The plasminogen types produced from heparinised plasma are free from heparin and closely resemble preparations from non-heparinised plasma when compared by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, Sephadex gel filtration and arginine esterase activity after urokinase activation.
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