Relationships between cognition, function, and quality of life among HIV+ Canadian men
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OBJECTIVE: To estimate the extent to which HIV-related variables, cognition, and other brain health factors interrelate with other HIV-associated symptoms to influence function, health perception, and QOL in older HIV+ men in Canada. DESIGN: Cross-sectional structural equation modelling (SEM) of data from the inaugural visit to the Positive Brain Health Now Cohort. SETTING: HIV clinics at 5 Canadian sites. SUBJECTS: 707 men, age ≥ 35 years, HIV+ for at least one year, without clinically diagnosed dementia. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Five latent and 21 observed variables from the World Health Organization's biopsychosocial model for functioning and disability and the Wilson-Cleary Model were analysed. SEM was used to link disease factors to symptoms, impairments, function, health perception, and QOL with a focus on cognition. RESULTS: QOL was explained directly by depression, social role, health perception, social support, and quality of the environment. Measured cognitive performance had direct effects on activity/function and indirect effects on participation, HP and QOL, acting through self-reported cognitive difficulties and meaningful activities. CONCLUSION: The biopsychosocial model showed good fit, with RMSEA < 0.05. This is the first time the full model has been tested in HIV. All of the domains included in the model are theoretically amenable to intervention and many have evidence-based interventions that could be harnessed to improve QOL.
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