IL28B polymorphism (rs12979860) associated with clearance of HCV infection in Poland: Systematic review of its prevalence in chronic hepatitis C patients and general population frequency
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BACKGROUND: A common single nucleotide polymorphism (rs12979860) of the interleukin-28B (IL28B) gene is strongly associated with spontaneous and treatment-related eradication of HCV infection. In this study we estimated rs12979860 genotypes distribution among chronic hepatitis C patients in Poland using a systematic review of published studies and compared this data with the prevalence of rs12979860 variants of IL28B in representative sample of the Southern Poland population. METHODS: Systematic review on rs12979860 variant prevalence in the Polish chronic HCV subjects was performed. Additionally, age- and gender-stratified population sample was recruited from inhabitants of Kraków using a randomized municipal census data, DNA samples available for 538 individuals were genotyped using a real-time PCR method. RESULTS: The frequency of homozygotes TT was from 15 to 27% and carriers of unfavorable T alleles (genotypes CT and TT) were present in 70-80% of chronic HCV subjects. In the general population, 47% individuals were CC homozygous, 42% CT heterozygous and 11% TT homozygous. The population frequency of T allele was 0.318 (95% CI: 0.291-0.347) and the variant was in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Distributions of IL28B genotypes in chronic HCV patients were characterized by a departure from the genetic equilibrium and differed significantly from the random population sample. CONCLUSIONS: Events of spontaneous viral clearance can fully explain differences between genotype distributions in general population and chronic HCV subjects and a departure from the genetic equilibrium. This is the first study estimating the prevalence of IL28B rs12979860 SNP in the Southern Poland population based on a random representative sample.
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