A Stakeholder Analysis of the Strengthening a Palliative Approach in Long-Term Care Model Academic Article uri icon

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  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a stakeholder analysis of the strengthening a palliative approach to long-term care (SPA-LTC) model and refine it based on feedback from long-term care (LTC) residents and their families, staff, researchers and decision makers. METHODS: We used a mixed-methods design to conduct a stakeholder analysis of the SPA-LTC model that consisted of two sequential components: qualitative focus groups with LTC staff followed by a quantitative survey with key stakeholders. RESULTS: Twenty-one LTC staff provided feedback about the SPA-LTC model after residents relocated to LTC, during advanced illness and at end of life and in the period of grief and bereavement. This feedback helped to guide revisions of the model. According to the survey results, the SPA-LTC model was well received by 35 stakeholders, but its feasibility was questioned. CONCLUSION: The Canadian SPA-LTC model is evidence based and endorsed by LTC staff and stakeholders. Efforts are needed to determine the feasibility of implementing the model to ensure that residents' needs are made a priority while in LTC.


  • Kaasalainen, Sharon
  • Sussman, Tamara
  • McCleary, Lynn
  • Thompson, Genevieve
  • Hunter, Paulette
  • Wickson-Griffiths, Abigail
  • Cook, Rose
  • Bello-Haas, Vanina Dal
  • Venturato, Lorraine
  • Papaioannou, Alexandra
  • You, John
  • Parker, Deborah

publication date

  • September 30, 2019