Selecting Patients for Oncotype DX Testing Using Standard Clinicopathologic Information
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INTRODUCTION: Indiscriminate ordering of Oncotype DX (ODX) is expensive and of poor value to patients, physicians, and health care providers. The 3 Magee equations, Gage Algorithm, and University of Tennessee predictive algorithm all use standard clinicopathologic data to provide surrogate ODX scores. In this hypothesis-generating study, we evaluated whether these prognostic scores could be used to identify patients unlikely to benefit from additional ODX testing. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective data was collected from 302 patients with invasive ductal breast cancer and available ODX scores. Additional data was available for: Magee equations 1 (212 patients), 2 (299 patients), 3 (212 patients), Gage Algorithm (299 patients), and University of Tennessee predictive algorithm (286 patients). ODX scores were banded according to the TAILORx results. RESULTS: Correlation with ODX scores was between 0.7 and 0.8 (Gage), 0.8 and 0.9 (Magee 2, University of Tennessee predictive algorithm), and > 0.9 (Magee 1 and 3). Magee 3 was the most robust and is proposed as a screening tool: for patients aged ≤ 50 years, ODX testing would be not required if the Magee 3 score was < 14 or ≥ 20; for those aged > 50 years, ODX would not be required if the Magee 3 score was < 18 or ≥ 26. Using these cut-offs, 110 (51.9%) of 212 patients would be deemed as not requiring ODX testing, and 109 (99.1%) of110 patients would be appropriately managed. CONCLUSIONS: Use of all formulae, and the Magee 3 equation in particular, are proposed as possible screening tools for ODX testing, resulting in significantly reduced frequency of ODX testing. This requires validation in other populations.
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