Use of Truquant BR radioimmunoassay for early detection of breast cancer recurrence in patients with stage II and stage III disease.
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PURPOSE: The Truquant BR radioimmunoassay (RIA) (Biomira Diagnostics Inc, Rexdale, Canada) uses the monoclonal antibody B27.29 to quantitate the MUC-1 gene product (CA 27.29 antigen) in serum. We evaluated CA 27.29 antigen in a controlled, prospective clinical trial for its ability to predict relapse in stage II and stage III breast cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over a 2-year period, 166 patients who had completed therapy for stage II (80.1%) or III (19.9%) breast cancer and were clinically free of disease were serially tested for CA 27.29 antigen levels. The study was double-masked and cancer recurrence was documented based on clinical findings. Patients with two consecutive CA 27.29 antigen test results above the upper limit of normal were considered positive. RESULTS: The Truquant BR RIA had a sensitivity of 57.7%, specificity of 97.9%, positive predictive value of 83.3%, and negative predictive value of 92.6%. The recurrence rate was 15.7%. A Cox regression analysis showed that the only variable to correlate with recurrent disease was the CA 27.29 antigen test result. Patients with a positive test result had increased odds of having a recurrence (odds ratio, 6.8; P < .00001). The test was effective in predicting recurrence in patients with both distant and locoregional disease. In a subgroup of patients with bone pain, CA 27.29 antigen level was found to identify reliably patients who would subsequently develop recurrent disease. CONCLUSION: These data demonstrate that the Truquant BR RIA can be used as an aid to predict recurrent breast cancer in patients with stage II and III disease.
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