Perioperative docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil (DCF) for locally advanced esophageal and gastric adenocarcinoma: a multicenter phase II trial
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BACKGROUND: Although perioperative chemotherapy for esophagogastric adenocarcinoma (ADC) improves survival, the overall poor prognosis suggests that further refinement of treatment is required. Docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) (DCF) is effective for metastatic ADC of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract; we thus sought to investigate the efficacy of this regimen in patients with resectable disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with resectable ADC of the upper GI tract received DCF [docetaxel (Taxotere) 75 mg/m(2) I.V. day 1, cisplatin 75 mg/m(2) I.V. day 1, 5-FU 750 mg/m(2) continuous infusion for 120 h, every 3 weeks] for three cycles before and after resection. Primary end point was complete resection; secondary end points were response, toxicity, surgical morbidity, and overall survival. RESULTS: Forty-three patients with ADC of the esophagus (11), gastroesophageal junction (25), or stomach (7) started treatment and 86% completed all preoperative cycles with grade 3-4 toxicity arising in 47%. Metabolic response to chemotherapy (reduction in maximal standard uptake value >35%) was achieved in 25/33 (76%) patients. Surgery was carried out in 41/43 and complete resection was achieved in all 41 patients with pathologic complete response in 4/41. Postoperative chemotherapy was started in 29 patients and completed in 24. Three-year overall survival was 60%. CONCLUSION: Perioperative DCF is a tolerable and highly effective regimen for the treatment of esophagogastric ADC.
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