Physiotherapy in the neurotrauma intensive care unit: A scoping review Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • PURPOSE: This scoping review summarizes the literature on the safety and effectiveness of physiotherapy interventions in patients with neurological and/or traumatic injuries in the intensive care unit (ICU), identifies literature gaps and provides recommendations for future research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched five databases from inception to June 2, 2018. We included published retrospective studies, case studies, observation and randomized controlled trials describing physiotherapy interventions in ICU patients with neurotrauma injuries. Two reviewers reviewed the databases and independently screened English articles for eligibility. Data extracted included purpose, study design, population (s), outcome measures, interventions and results. Thematic analysis and descriptive numerical summaries are presented by intervention type. RESULTS: 12,846 titles were screened and 72 met the inclusion criteria. Most of the studies were observational studies (44 (61.1%)) and RCTs (14 (19.4%)). Early mobilization, electrical stimulation, range of motion, and chest physiotherapy techniques were the most common interventions in the literature. Physiotherapy interventions were found to be safe with few adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: Gaps in the literature suggest that future studies require assessment of long term functional outcomes and quality of life, examination of homogenous populations and more robust methodologies including clinical trials and larger samples.

publication date

  • December 2018