Inhibition by multivalent cations of contraction induced by chinese cobra venom cardiotoxin in guinea pig papillary muscle
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The effects of cardiotoxin (CTX), purified from the venom of Chinese Cobra (Naja naja atra) by a three-step chromatography, on the contractile responses of isolated guinea pig papillary muscle preparation and its antagonism by lanthanum ion (La3+) and divalent cations were examined. CTX induced tonic contraction following a transient augmentation of electrically evoked rhythmic contractions, which is similar to that seen in perfused heart preparation. Multivalent cations, La3+, Ca2+, Mn2+ and Mg2+, concentration-dependently blocked CTX-induced contraction. In Ca(2+)-free medium, CTX did not induce contraction and CTX-induced contraction was not modified in Na(+)-free medium. Nifedipine (1 mumol/L), effectively blocked KCl-induced contracture, but only partially inhibited CTX-induced contraction; thus suggesting that Ca2+ influx induced by CTX utilizes channels other than L-type Ca2+ channels. These cations may compete with CTX for the negatively charged membrane binding site which is responsible for the modulation of Ca2+ movement.
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